For a given published estimate, TQNR, defined as 100% minus TQRR, is calculated for each tabulation cell from the nonprofits, except for cells that contain count or ratio estimates. TQNR measures the combined effect of the procedures used to handle unit and item nonresponse on the weighted nonprofits estimates. The sampling frame is stratified by primary type of organization, primary nonprofit activity, and state.

  • Financial statements also help nonprofits determine the future of their organization.
  • A statement of activities is prepared every year to ensure that an organization has enough money to fund its projects.
  • During the editing for FY 2021, errors in reporting for FY 2020 were discovered and revisions were made to correct these.
  • To do that, we’ll follow the activities of a nonprofit organization called Home4U, a daytime shelter for adults.
  • Statements of activities are useful in assessing the services provided by your organization, its ability to continue those services, and how managers have performed their stewardship responsibilities.

Where possible, missing data were imputed using previous survey data or other publicly available documents, such as annual reports and financial statements. Weights were used to compensate for unequal probabilities of selection; unit nonresponse; and to calibrate sample estimates of expenses to match total expenses on the frame. Measures of sampling variability were estimated using the delete-a-group jackknife variance estimator.

When do nonprofits need a Statement of Activities?

Nonprofits can record revenue and expenses with a cash or accrual method. The primary reason for this is this method lets nonprofits record revenue when it’s earned. Nonprofits also have a primary responsibility to their donors when filing and sharing these financial statements.

Financial activities result in either a surplus (increase) or shortfall/deficit (decrease) in the organization’s net assets shown on the Statement of Financial Position (SOFP). Net results are classified as either with or without donor restrictions per FASB (the Financial Accounting Standards Board). The result of each year’s financial activity is shown as the “change in net assets,” that is, increases or decreases to the related net assets categories. The relationship of the SOA to the SOFP is shown in the illustration below.

It provides a clear and organized way to present financial information, including revenues, expenses, and net change in financial position, by class, location, and project. This can be particularly helpful for donors and board members, who rely on this information to make informed decisions about the organization. Since it is similar to an income statement it has revenues, expenses and a change in net assets. You must also break out the statement of activities into restricted and unrestricted. SFAS 117 is the primary guidance related to nonprofit financial statements.

Improved management of resources can help your nonprofit organization to achieve its goals more efficiently and effectively. By understanding how to read and understand this key nonprofit financial report, you can better allocate your resources and improve your organization’s overall performance. Statement of Activities is part of your nonprofit’s accounting requirements and is often included in its annual report or audited financial report. If you’re starting a new nonprofit, a statement of activities is one of the 4 financial reports you must file. Out of the four most common financial statements in a nonprofit, the Statement of Activities, also known as the Profit & Loss (P&L), is the broadest. The P&L covers all the organization’s programmatic, fundraising, and administrative expenses incurred during the period.

Outsourced CFO Services

This is the nonprofit version of the income statement that is used to report the financial results of a for-profit business. No, the Statement of Activities is one of several essential financial statements for nonprofits. In addition to the Statement of Activities, you should also prepare a Statement of Financial Position (Balance Sheet), Statement of Cash Flows, and footnotes to the financial statements. These statements collectively provide a comprehensive overview of your nonprofit’s financial position, performance, and cash flow. A Statement of Activities includes revenue and expenses during a nonprofit’s reporting period (a fiscal or calendar year) and gives an overview of the changes to an organization’s net assets during that time. Like all nonprofit financial statements, the central role of the Statement of Activities is to provide transparency and accountability to your donors and board.

Talk to the accounting experts at Jitasa to gain a better understanding of your nonprofit statement of activities. We recommend getting in touch with an accountant to help with these activities. Your organization can save time, energy, and money by using an outsourced accounting resource to help with your statement of activities. Every nonprofit’s statement of activities will look a little bit different.


This section outlines the various sources of income your nonprofit receives, such as donations, grants, program service fees, membership dues, and investment income. It is crucial to categorize revenue types to gain insights into the sustainability of funding sources. Compared with Wellington Zoo, the financial statements used in this report are easier to follow and provide fewer details.

By sharing what funds they collect and how they’re spent, donors can see how their gifts support the nonprofit’s programs and beneficiaries. Nonprofit financial statements are similar to the financial statements for-profit businesses file, but there are some key differences to keep in mind. There are four financial statements nonprofits must file every year to remain in compliance with the IRS. But don’t fret – although it sounds complicated, these standard financial statements are easy to compile with the right tools and guidance.

Components of the Statement of Activities

The net assets featured on your nonprofit statement of activities are simply your expenses subtracted from your revenue. This calculation shows the equity of your nonprofit organization and whether you have the revenue to cover expenses, creating a sustainable organization. Also included in your restricted revenue is temporarily restricted revenue. After that time elapses, they can be released from restriction and used as the nonprofit sees fit.

Online websites like Charity Navigator and GuideStar also use these reports to rate your organization. Investing revenue is the amount of interest you can make from investments. Investing expenses are the purchases of long-term investments and any payments on long-term investments like buildings, land, equipment, etc. Here’s an example from Code for Science & Society’s Statement of Financial Position from 2021. Our subsequent examples of other statements will be from this same report.

Fixing the Inability to Manage Data in Human Service Organizations

But it’s also an excellent tool for understanding just how healthy your business is. Your nonprofit statement of activities is the equivalent of an income statement of a for-profit. You will also be able to analyze your net assets and categorize your nonprofit’s revenue and expenses. These standards provide are you maximizing the cash impact of 2020 net operating losses guidelines for proper financial reporting, including the preparation of the Statement of Activities. A statement of activities shows your organization’s revenue and expenses over a reporting period and relays that your organization is a good steward of donations and working to accomplish its mission.

Illustration of the Statement of Financial Position and the Statement of Activities

To minimize item nonresponse, organizations were encouraged to report estimates of expenditures when actual dollar amounts could not be provided. This approach reduces item nonresponse error risk but may introduce measurement error. Research was done by evaluating the reported R&D to expenses ratio and the organization’s website information. Respondents were asked for clarifications or corrections on any reporting issues found.

This is useful for tracking the programs that are doing well and those that need more funding. Finally, financing revenue comes from the earnings and interest earned on your financial activities and savings. Liabilities include things like salaries, debt, and grants to other organizations. When listing your nonprofit’s liabilities, you must list them by when they must be paid and separated by current and long-term liabilities. Financial statements also give donors a better understanding of how the organization is doing. You should review your statement of activities monthly to identify trends and changes.